So far, we know what TERRITORIAL DISPUTES are. We introduced the two key concepts of STATE and SOVEREIGNTY. We are now reviewing the main elements that give flesh to a SOVEREIGN STATE and some of their sub-elements. First, POPULATION (including language, ethnicity, religion); second, TERRITORY (including natural resources, defence, extension). It is time today to refer to GOVERNMENT.
c) government: a person, group of people or body that represent the will of the population. We shall discuss here if the different ways the government may appear or the diverse persons may be considered representatives could affect in any way the existence of a State.Once clarified these points, we shall concentrate our attention in the effectiveness of what they are supposed to do and any possible limits to their actions (in diplomacy and economy).
- Forms of government
- Division of powers
Without revising them, what interests us is that there are degrees of separation of powers around the world. Consequently, to have only one central power or to have it divided into branches does not alter the existence of a State.
Is it necessary to have diplomats and/or an international presence? In nowadays global reality it is highly advisable; every State needs in certain way relation with its peers so to fulfil its population’s needs. However, it is not strictly an indispensable component in order for a State to exist.
A different angle departing from the idea a State should (potentially must) have representatives: Could a country share diplomats with others? In other words, could and individual or a group of people represent more than one State? We do not see any reason to negate the possibility. The only reservation we would suggest is in instances in which interests may be contradictory between or among the involved parties. That is to say, to have representation in the international arena is almost imperative for a State; to have its own it is not.
Jorge Emilio Nunez
2nd March 2018